Commit 8742a56b authored by Lance Stout's avatar Lance Stout

Actually commit file of byte and hash utilities.

parent a792bcda
import sys
import hashlib
def unicode(text):
if sys.version_info < (3, 0):
import __builtin__
return __builtin__.unicode(text)
return str(text)
def bytes(text):
"""
Convert Unicode text to UTF-8 encoded bytes.
Since Python 2.6+ and Python 3+ have similar but incompatible
signatures, this function unifies the two to keep code sane.
:param text: Unicode text to convert to bytes
:rtype: bytes (Python3), str (Python2.6+)
"""
if sys.version_info < (3, 0):
import __builtin__
return __builtin__.bytes(text)
else:
import builtins
if isinstance(text, builtins.bytes):
# We already have bytes, so do nothing
return text
if isinstance(text, list):
# Convert a list of integers to bytes
return builtins.bytes(text)
else:
# Convert UTF-8 text to bytes
return builtins.bytes(text, encoding='utf-8')
def quote(text):
"""
Enclose in quotes and escape internal slashes and double quotes.
:param text: A Unicode or byte string.
"""
text = bytes(text)
return b'"' + text.replace(b'\\', b'\\\\').replace(b'"', b'\\"') + b'"'
def num_to_bytes(num):
"""
Convert an integer into a four byte sequence.
:param integer num: An integer to convert to its byte representation.
"""
bval = b''
bval += bytes(chr(0xFF & (num >> 24)))
bval += bytes(chr(0xFF & (num >> 16)))
bval += bytes(chr(0xFF & (num >> 8)))
bval += bytes(chr(0xFF & (num >> 0)))
return bval
def bytes_to_num(bval):
"""
Convert a four byte sequence to an integer.
:param bytes bval: A four byte sequence to turn into an integer.
"""
num = 0
num += ord(bval[0] << 24)
num += ord(bval[1] << 16)
num += ord(bval[2] << 8)
num += ord(bval[3])
return num
def XOR(x, y):
"""
Return the results of an XOR operation on two equal length byte strings.
:param bytes x: A byte string
:param bytes y: A byte string
:rtype: bytes
"""
result = b''
for a, b in zip(x, y):
if sys.version_info < (3, 0):
result += chr((ord(a) ^ ord(b)))
else:
result += bytes([a ^ b])
return result
def hash(name):
"""
Return a hash function implementing the given algorithm.
:param name: The name of the hashing algorithm to use.
:type name: string
:rtype: function
"""
name = name.lower()
if name.startswith('sha-'):
name = 'sha' + name[4:]
if name in dir(hashlib):
return getattr(hashlib, name)
return None
def hashes():
"""
Return a list of available hashing algorithms.
:rtype: list of strings
"""
t = []
if 'md5' in dir(hashlib):
t = ['MD5']
if 'md2' in dir(hashlib):
t += ['MD2']
hashes = ['SHA-' + h[3:] for h in dir(hashlib) if h.startswith('sha')]
return t + hashes
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