tcp_socket_handler.cpp 15.5 KB
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#include <network/tcp_socket_handler.hpp>
#include <network/dns_handler.hpp>

#include <utils/timed_events.hpp>
#include <utils/scopeguard.hpp>
#include <network/poller.hpp>

#include <logger/logger.hpp>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <cstring>
#include <fcntl.h>

#ifdef BOTAN_FOUND
# include <botan/hex.h>
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# include <botan/tls_exceptn.h>
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Botan::AutoSeeded_RNG TCPSocketHandler::rng;
Botan::TLS::Policy TCPSocketHandler::policy;
Botan::TLS::Session_Manager_In_Memory TCPSocketHandler::session_manager(TCPSocketHandler::rng);

#endif

#ifndef UIO_FASTIOV
# define UIO_FASTIOV 8
#endif

using namespace std::string_literals;
using namespace std::chrono_literals;

namespace ph = std::placeholders;

TCPSocketHandler::TCPSocketHandler(std::shared_ptr<Poller> poller):
  SocketHandler(poller, -1),
  use_tls(false),
  connected(false),
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  connecting(false),
  hostname_resolution_failed(false)
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#ifdef BOTAN_FOUND
  ,credential_manager(this)
#endif
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{}

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TCPSocketHandler::~TCPSocketHandler()
{
  this->close();
}


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void TCPSocketHandler::init_socket(const struct addrinfo* rp)
{
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  if (this->socket != -1)
    ::close(this->socket);
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  if ((this->socket = ::socket(rp->ai_family, rp->ai_socktype, rp->ai_protocol)) == -1)
    throw std::runtime_error("Could not create socket: "s + strerror(errno));
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  // Bind the socket to a specific address, if specified
  if (!this->bind_addr.empty())
    {
      // Convert the address from string format to a sockaddr that can be
      // used in bind()
      struct addrinfo* result;
      int err = ::getaddrinfo(this->bind_addr.data(), nullptr, nullptr, &result);
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      if (err != 0 || !result)
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        log_error("Failed to bind socket to " << this->bind_addr << ": "
                  << gai_strerror(err));
      else
        {
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          utils::ScopeGuard sg([result](){ freeaddrinfo(result); });
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          struct addrinfo* rp;
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          int bind_error = 0;
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          for (rp = result; rp; rp = rp->ai_next)
            {
              if ((bind_error = ::bind(this->socket,
                         reinterpret_cast<const struct sockaddr*>(rp->ai_addr),
                         rp->ai_addrlen)) == 0)
                break;
            }
          if (!rp)
            log_error("Failed to bind socket to " << this->bind_addr << ": "
                      << strerror(bind_error));
          else
            log_info("Socket successfully bound to " << this->bind_addr);
        }
    }
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  int optval = 1;
  if (::setsockopt(this->socket, SOL_SOCKET, SO_KEEPALIVE, &optval, sizeof(optval)) == -1)
    log_warning("Failed to enable TCP keepalive on socket: " << strerror(errno));
  // Set the socket on non-blocking mode.  This is useful to receive a EAGAIN
  // error when connect() would block, to not block the whole process if a
  // remote is not responsive.
  const int existing_flags = ::fcntl(this->socket, F_GETFL, 0);
  if ((existing_flags == -1) ||
      (::fcntl(this->socket, F_SETFL, existing_flags | O_NONBLOCK) == -1))
    throw std::runtime_error("Could not initialize socket: "s + strerror(errno));
}

void TCPSocketHandler::connect(const std::string& address, const std::string& port, const bool tls)
{
  this->address = address;
  this->port = port;
  this->use_tls = tls;

  utils::ScopeGuard sg;

  struct addrinfo* addr_res;

  if (!this->connecting)
    {
      // Get the addrinfo from getaddrinfo (or ares_gethostbyname), only if
      // this is the first call of this function.
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      if (!this->resolver.is_resolved())
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        {
          log_info("Trying to connect to " << address << ":" << port);
          // Start the asynchronous process of resolving the hostname. Once
          // the addresses have been found and `resolved` has been set to true
          // (but connecting will still be false), TCPSocketHandler::connect()
          // needs to be called, again.
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          this->resolver.resolve(address, port,
                                 [this](const struct addrinfo*)
                                 {
                                   log_debug("Resolution success, calling connect() again");
                                   this->connect();
                                 },
                                 [this](const char*)
                                 {
                                   log_debug("Resolution failed, calling connect() again");
                                   this->connect();
                                 });
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          return;
        }
      else
        {
          // The c-ares resolved the hostname and the available addresses
          // where saved in the cares_addrinfo linked list. Now, just use
          // this list to try to connect.
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          addr_res = this->resolver.get_result().get();
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          if (!addr_res)
            {
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              this->hostname_resolution_failed = true;
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              const auto msg = this->resolver.get_error_message();
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              this->close();
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              this->on_connection_failed(msg);
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              return ;
            }
        }
    }
  else
    { // This function is called again, use the saved addrinfo structure,
      // instead of re-doing the whole getaddrinfo process.
      addr_res = &this->addrinfo;
    }

  for (struct addrinfo* rp = addr_res; rp; rp = rp->ai_next)
    {
      if (!this->connecting)
        {
          try {
            this->init_socket(rp);
          }
          catch (const std::runtime_error& error) {
            log_error("Failed to init socket: " << error.what());
            break;
          }
        }
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      this->display_resolved_ip(rp);

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      if (::connect(this->socket, rp->ai_addr, rp->ai_addrlen) == 0
          || errno == EISCONN)
        {
          log_info("Connection success.");
          TimedEventsManager::instance().cancel("connection_timeout"s +
                                                std::to_string(this->socket));
          this->poller->add_socket_handler(this);
          this->connected = true;
          this->connecting = false;
#ifdef BOTAN_FOUND
          if (this->use_tls)
            this->start_tls();
#endif
          this->on_connected();
          return ;
        }
      else if (errno == EINPROGRESS || errno == EALREADY)
        {   // retry this process later, when the socket
            // is ready to be written on.
          this->connecting = true;
          this->poller->add_socket_handler(this);
          this->poller->watch_send_events(this);
          // Save the addrinfo structure, to use it on the next call
          this->ai_addrlen = rp->ai_addrlen;
          memcpy(&this->ai_addr, rp->ai_addr, this->ai_addrlen);
          memcpy(&this->addrinfo, rp, sizeof(struct addrinfo));
          this->addrinfo.ai_addr = reinterpret_cast<struct sockaddr*>(&this->ai_addr);
          this->addrinfo.ai_next = nullptr;
          // If the connection has not succeeded or failed in 5s, we consider
          // it to have failed
          TimedEventsManager::instance().add_event(
                                                   TimedEvent(std::chrono::steady_clock::now() + 5s,
                                                              std::bind(&TCPSocketHandler::on_connection_timeout, this),
                                                              "connection_timeout"s + std::to_string(this->socket)));
          return ;
        }
      log_info("Connection failed:" << strerror(errno));
    }
  log_error("All connection attempts failed.");
  this->close();
  this->on_connection_failed(strerror(errno));
  return ;
}

void TCPSocketHandler::on_connection_timeout()
{
  this->close();
  this->on_connection_failed("connection timed out");
}

void TCPSocketHandler::connect()
{
  this->connect(this->address, this->port, this->use_tls);
}

void TCPSocketHandler::on_recv()
{
#ifdef BOTAN_FOUND
  if (this->use_tls)
    this->tls_recv();
  else
#endif
    this->plain_recv();
}

void TCPSocketHandler::plain_recv()
{
  static constexpr size_t buf_size = 4096;
  char buf[buf_size];
  void* recv_buf = this->get_receive_buffer(buf_size);

  if (recv_buf == nullptr)
    recv_buf = buf;

  const ssize_t size = this->do_recv(recv_buf, buf_size);

  if (size > 0)
    {
      if (buf == recv_buf)
        {
          // data needs to be placed in the in_buf string, because no buffer
          // was provided to receive that data directly. The in_buf buffer
          // will be handled in parse_in_buffer()
          this->in_buf += std::string(buf, size);
        }
      this->parse_in_buffer(size);
    }
}

ssize_t TCPSocketHandler::do_recv(void* recv_buf, const size_t buf_size)
{
  ssize_t size = ::recv(this->socket, recv_buf, buf_size, 0);
  if (0 == size)
    {
      this->on_connection_close("");
      this->close();
    }
  else if (-1 == size)
    {
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      if (this->connecting)
        log_warning("Error connecting: " << strerror(errno));
      else
        log_warning("Error while reading from socket: " << strerror(errno));
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      // Remember if we were connecting, or already connected when this
      // happened, because close() sets this->connecting to false
      const auto were_connecting = this->connecting;
      this->close();
      if (were_connecting)
        this->on_connection_failed(strerror(errno));
      else
        this->on_connection_close(strerror(errno));
    }
  return size;
}

void TCPSocketHandler::on_send()
{
  struct iovec msg_iov[UIO_FASTIOV] = {};
  struct msghdr msg{nullptr, 0,
      msg_iov,
      0, nullptr, 0, 0};
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  for (const std::string& s: this->out_buf)
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    {
      // unconsting the content of s is ok, sendmsg will never modify it
      msg_iov[msg.msg_iovlen].iov_base = const_cast<char*>(s.data());
      msg_iov[msg.msg_iovlen].iov_len = s.size();
      if (++msg.msg_iovlen == UIO_FASTIOV)
        break;
    }
  ssize_t res = ::sendmsg(this->socket, &msg, MSG_NOSIGNAL);
  if (res < 0)
    {
      log_error("sendmsg failed: " << strerror(errno));
      this->on_connection_close(strerror(errno));
      this->close();
    }
  else
    {
      // remove all the strings that were successfully sent.
      for (auto it = this->out_buf.begin();
           it != this->out_buf.end();)
        {
          if (static_cast<size_t>(res) >= (*it).size())
            {
              res -= (*it).size();
              it = this->out_buf.erase(it);
            }
          else
            {
              // If one string has partially been sent, we use substr to
              // crop it
              if (res > 0)
                (*it) = (*it).substr(res, std::string::npos);
              break;
            }
        }
      if (this->out_buf.empty())
        this->poller->stop_watching_send_events(this);
    }
}

void TCPSocketHandler::close()
{
  TimedEventsManager::instance().cancel("connection_timeout"s +
                                        std::to_string(this->socket));
  if (this->connected || this->connecting)
    this->poller->remove_socket_handler(this->get_socket());
  if (this->socket != -1)
    {
      ::close(this->socket);
      this->socket = -1;
    }
  this->connected = false;
  this->connecting = false;
  this->in_buf.clear();
  this->out_buf.clear();
  this->port.clear();
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  this->resolver.clear();
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}

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void TCPSocketHandler::display_resolved_ip(struct addrinfo* rp) const
{
  if (rp->ai_family == AF_INET)
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    log_debug("Trying IPv4 address " << addr_to_string(rp));
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  else if (rp->ai_family == AF_INET6)
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    log_debug("Trying IPv6 address " << addr_to_string(rp));
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}

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void TCPSocketHandler::send_data(std::string&& data)
{
#ifdef BOTAN_FOUND
  if (this->use_tls)
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    try {
      this->tls_send(std::move(data));
    } catch (const Botan::TLS::TLS_Exception& e) {
      this->on_connection_close("TLS error: "s + e.what());
      this->close();
      return ;
    }
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  else
#endif
    this->raw_send(std::move(data));
}

void TCPSocketHandler::raw_send(std::string&& data)
{
  if (data.empty())
    return ;
  this->out_buf.emplace_back(std::move(data));
  if (this->connected)
    this->poller->watch_send_events(this);
}

void TCPSocketHandler::send_pending_data()
{
  if (this->connected && !this->out_buf.empty())
    this->poller->watch_send_events(this);
}

bool TCPSocketHandler::is_connected() const
{
  return this->connected;
}

bool TCPSocketHandler::is_connecting() const
{
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  return this->connecting || this->resolver.is_resolving();
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}

void* TCPSocketHandler::get_receive_buffer(const size_t) const
{
  return nullptr;
}

#ifdef BOTAN_FOUND
void TCPSocketHandler::start_tls()
{
  Botan::TLS::Server_Information server_info(this->address, "irc", std::stoul(this->port));
  this->tls = std::make_unique<Botan::TLS::Client>(
      std::bind(&TCPSocketHandler::tls_output_fn, this, ph::_1, ph::_2),
      std::bind(&TCPSocketHandler::tls_data_cb, this, ph::_1, ph::_2),
      std::bind(&TCPSocketHandler::tls_alert_cb, this, ph::_1, ph::_2, ph::_3),
      std::bind(&TCPSocketHandler::tls_handshake_cb, this, ph::_1),
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      session_manager, this->credential_manager, policy,
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      rng, server_info, Botan::TLS::Protocol_Version::latest_tls_version());
}

void TCPSocketHandler::tls_recv()
{
  static constexpr size_t buf_size = 4096;
  char recv_buf[buf_size];

  const ssize_t size = this->do_recv(recv_buf, buf_size);
  if (size > 0)
    {
      const bool was_active = this->tls->is_active();
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      try {
        this->tls->received_data(reinterpret_cast<const Botan::byte*>(recv_buf),
                                 static_cast<size_t>(size));
      } catch (const Botan::TLS::TLS_Exception& e) {
        // May happen if the server sends malformed TLS data (buggy server,
        // or more probably we are just connected to a server that sends
        // plain-text)
        this->on_connection_close("TLS error: "s + e.what());
        this->close();
        return ;
      }
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      if (!was_active && this->tls->is_active())
        this->on_tls_activated();
    }
}

void TCPSocketHandler::tls_send(std::string&& data)
{
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  // We may not be connected yet, or the tls session has
  // not yet been negociated
  if (this->tls && this->tls->is_active())
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    {
      const bool was_active = this->tls->is_active();
      if (!this->pre_buf.empty())
        {
          this->tls->send(reinterpret_cast<const Botan::byte*>(this->pre_buf.data()),
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                          this->pre_buf.size());
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          this->pre_buf = "";
        }
      if (!data.empty())
        this->tls->send(reinterpret_cast<const Botan::byte*>(data.data()),
                       data.size());
      if (!was_active && this->tls->is_active())
        this->on_tls_activated();
    }
  else
    this->pre_buf += data;
}

void TCPSocketHandler::tls_data_cb(const Botan::byte* data, size_t size)
{
  this->in_buf += std::string(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(data),
                              size);
  if (!this->in_buf.empty())
    this->parse_in_buffer(size);
}

void TCPSocketHandler::tls_output_fn(const Botan::byte* data, size_t size)
{
  this->raw_send(std::string(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(data), size));
}

void TCPSocketHandler::tls_alert_cb(Botan::TLS::Alert alert, const Botan::byte*, size_t)
{
  log_debug("tls_alert: " << alert.type_string());
}

bool TCPSocketHandler::tls_handshake_cb(const Botan::TLS::Session& session)
{
  log_debug("Handshake with " << session.server_info().hostname() << " complete."
            << " Version: " << session.version().to_string()
            << " using " << session.ciphersuite().to_string());
  if (!session.session_id().empty())
    log_debug("Session ID " << Botan::hex_encode(session.session_id()));
  if (!session.session_ticket().empty())
    log_debug("Session ticket " << Botan::hex_encode(session.session_ticket()));
  return true;
}

void TCPSocketHandler::on_tls_activated()
{
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  this->send_data({});
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}

#endif // BOTAN_FOUND